Answer to Question #211448 in Electrical Engineering for Dhruvil

Question #211448

Simulate a single-phase AC voltage controller and plot its voltage and current waveforms

using coding in the command window. The plot should be of minimum 300 dpi clarity.

Also include the FFT harmonic spectra of the current.

Expert's answer

Ac voltage controller s a circuit used to convert fixed ac to variable ac without changing the frequency . This conversion with the advent of power electronic devices such as SCR, IGBT, MOSFET, etc. is made very efficiently and flexibly .

The control strategies available to vary fixed ac n ac voltage controller circuits are

  1. On-off cycle control
  2. Firing angle control
  3. Integral cycle switching control

Circuit diagram for simulation is shown below

Input and output wave forms

The expression for rms value of output voltage for resistive load is given by:

"V_o(rms)=V_s \\sqrt{\\frac{(\\pi-\\alpha)+(sin2 \\alpha)\/2}{\\pi}}"

where, "V_s=\\frac{V_m}{\\sqrt{2}}=RMS" Value of input supply voltage

MATLAB circuit simulation diagram

Phase angle control input and output waveforms

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