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Answer on Organic Chemistry Question for naeim

Question #33059
why carbanion shows sp3 hybridisation when it is non-conjugated?
why carbanion shows sp2 hybridisation when it is conjugated?
Expert's answer
Carbanions are trivalent with sp3 hybridization. The lone pare of electrons occupies one of the sp3 orbitals. The geometery is thus
tetrahedral. The tetrahedron can undergo inversion or retain its stereochemistry depending on the attached substitutents. A methyl carbanion has a barrier to inversion of about 2 kcal/ mole. The trifluoromethyl carbanion has a barrier of 120 kcal/mole. A fluorine atom is however more stabilizing than a hydrogen atom because of the fluorine electronegativity. Carbanion have sp2 hybridisation when attached to conjugative groups like olefine, ketone.

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