Answer to Question #19633 in Inorganic Chemistry for K Jeyakanthan
It is reactive enough to exist in normal conditions, but it is used extensively as an electrophile in the nitration of other substances. The ion is generated in situ for this purpose by mixing concentrated sulfuric acid and concentrated nitric acid according to the equilibrium:
2H2SO4 + HNO3 → 2HSO4− + NO2+ + H3O+
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