Answer to Question #58582 in General Chemistry for nehria

Question #58582
One reaction that produces hydrogen gas can be represented by the unbalanced chemical equation Mg(s) + HCl(aq) −→ MgCl2(aq) + H2(g) . What mass of HCl is consumed by the reac- tion of 3.72 mol of magnesium? Answer in units of g.
Expert's answer
We will place coefficients in the reaction equation:
Mg(s) + 2HCl(aq) −→ MgCl2(aq) + H2(g) .
According to the reaction equation, at interaction of 1 mol of magnesium with hydrochloric acid 1 mol of hydrogen is formed.
Then at interaction of 3,72 mol of magnesium with hydrochloric acid 3,72 mol of hydrogen are formed.
The molar mass of hydrogen is equal to 2,00 g/mol.
Therefore, at reaction of 3,72 mol of magnesium with hydrochloric acid are formed 3,72∙2,00 =7,44 g of hydrogen

Answer: 7,44 g of hydrogen is consumed

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