Answer to Question #229256 in General Chemistry for Excel

Question #229256
Combustion of a 34.8mg sample of benzaldehyde, which contains only carbon, hydrogen and oxygen,produced 101mg of CO2 and 17.7mg of H2O.
a, what was the mass of carbon and hydrogen in the sample.
b, Assuming that the original sample contained only carbon,hydrogen and oxygen. What was the mass of oxygen in the sample.
c,what was the mass percentage of oxygen in the sample
d, what is the empirical fomula of benzaldehyde.
1
Expert's answer
2021-08-25T06:35:35-0400

Amount of carbon present in 101 mg of CO2 ="\\dfrac{12}{44}*101=27.5mg \n\n\n\u200b"



amount of hydrogen present in 17.7 mg of H2O ="\\dfrac{2}{18}*17.7" =1.96mg



amount of oxygen present in 34.8 mg of the compound = (34.8-27.5-1.96)mg = 5.34 mg


"27.5C*\\dfrac{1}{12}=2.2927.5C\u2217"



1.96H*1=1.961.96H∗1=1.96


"5.34O*\\dfrac{1}{16}=0.335.34"



Converting this into simple ratio=C:H:O=7:6:1


Hence the empirical formula "C_7H_6OC _7\n\n\u200b\t\n\n H _\n\n6\n\n\u200b\t\n\n O"


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