Answer to Question #196278 in General Chemistry for anuj

Question #196278

Phosphorus pentachloride (Kp=0.0870) is one of the most important phosphorus chlorides, and is use as

a chlorinating reagent. It is produced by reacting chlorine gas and Phosphorus trichloride (PCl3) at

300°C. PCl3(g)+Cl2(g)<-> PCl5(g). In an industrial set-up, the stainless steel container was charged

with 020 atm PCl3, 0.20 atm Cl2, and 0.50 atm PCl5 at this temperature. (a) Use the reaction quotient

to determine the direction the reaction must proceed to reach equilibrium. (b) Calculate the equilibrium

partial pressures of the gases. (c) What effect will increasing the volume of the system have on the mole

fraction of Cl2 in the equilibrium mixture? (d) The reaction is exothermic. What effect will increasing

the temperature of the system have on the mole fraction of Cl2 in the equilibrium mixture



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