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Answer to Question #4517 in Other Biology for Kendra

Question #4517
1.
Which of the following conditions is a fungal infection?
A) Mycoplasma pneumonia
B) adult respiratory distress syndrome
C) diphtheria
D) histoplasmosis
2.
Which of the following pairs of terms is mismatched?
A) pharynx - throat
B) bronchioles - air sacs
C) trachea - windpipe
D) larynx - voicebox
3.
Mucus coughed up from the respiratory tract is called:
A) sputum
B) hemoptysis
C) stridor
D) phlegm
4.
Which of the following medications improves the ability to cough up mucus?
A) expectorant
B) bronchodilator
C) antitussive
D) antihistamine
5.
Which diagnostic procedure monitors a patient while sleeping to identify sleep apnea?
A) bronchoscopy
B) ventilation-perfusion scan
C) polysomnography
D) pulmonary function test
6.
The respiratory membrane consists of:
A) walls of alveoli and mucous membrane
B) walls of bronchioles and alveoli
C) walls of alveoli and capillaries
D) pulmonary capillary bed
7.
The upper section of the pharynx is called:
A) laryngopharynx
B) hypopharynx
C) oropharynx
D) nasopharynx
8.
Which of the following is NOT an organ of the respiratory system?
A) esophagus
B) lungs
C) nasal cavity
D) trachea
9.
Which of the following terms means a high-pitched breathing sound?
A) epistaxis
B) rhonchi
C) rales
D) stridor
10.
Which of the following statements regarding respiration is NOT true?
A) Carbon dioxide is the byproduct of metabolism.
B) Oxygen is needed for the body cells' metabolism.
C) Oxygen moves from the alveoli into the bloodstream.
D) Carbon dioxide moves from the blood stream into the cells.
11.
The epiglottis closes to prevent food from entering the lungs.
A) True
B) False
12.
Empyema is also called pyothorax.
A) True
B) False
13.
Many of the structures of the respiratory system are covered by mucous membrane.
A) True
B) False
14.
A pulmonary embolism may be caused by an air bubble in the pulmonary artery.
A) True
B) False
15.
An ENT is an ear, nose, and throat doctor.
A) True
B) False
16.
A mucolytic medication liquefies mucus.
A) True
B) False
17.
The larynx is commonly called the throat.
A) True
B) False
18.
Pleural effusion is the grating sound made when the two layers of the pleura rub together.
A) True
B) False
19.
Diphtheria is also called whooping cough.
A) True
B) False
20.
Ventilation is the air flow between the outside environment and the lungs.
A) True
B) False
21.
Match the following.
A. external respiration
B. tine test
C. anthracosis
D. rhonchi
E. empyema
F. diaphragm
G. bronchoscopy
H. pulmonary edema
I. VC
J. bronchography

exchange of gases between alveoli and blood
a TB test
black lung
musical breath sound during exhalation
also called pyothorax
muscle for inhalation
visual exam of the bronchi
excessive fluid is retained in the lung tissues
one of the lung capacities
lung x-ray after inhaling radiopaque dye.
22.
The suffix that means "voice" is

23.
A medical term that means "not breathing" is

24.
The suffix that means "smell" is

25.
The combining form that means "pleura" is

26.
The combining form that means "incomplete" is

27.
The suffix that means "breathing" is

28.
The combining form that means "pharynx" is

29.
A medical term that means "instrument to view inside the bronchus" is

30.
A medical term that means "insufficient oxygen" is

31.
The combining form that means "lung" or "air" is

Assignment #8

1.
The common bile duct empties into the:
A) duodenum
B) liver
C) gallbladder
D) stomach
2.
Which of the following procedures provides the patient with intravenous nutrition?
A) nasogastric intubation
B) total parenteral nutrition
C) gavage
D) lavage
3.
Feces is stored in the ____________ prior to defecation.
A) sigmoid colon
B) cecum
C) anus
D) rectum
4.
Which of the following surgical procedures would remove an abnormal passageway?
A) hemorrhoidectomy
B) colectomy
C) diverticulectomy
D) fistulectomy
5.
The _________ section of the stomach tapers off into the pyloric sphincter.
A) body
B) fundus
C) antrum
D) rugae
6.
An outpouching off the gut is called a(n):
A) fistula
B) ileus
C) diverticulum
D) hemorrhoid
7.
Which is NOT a function of the digestive system?
A) digest food
B) distribute nutrients
C) eliminate solid waste
D) absorb nutrients
8.
The epiglottis shunts food into the:
A) esophagus
B) pharynx
C) trachea
D) larynx
9.
Which abbreviation stands for an x-ray?
A) NG
B) PO
C) UGI
D) NPO
10.
Which of the following terms is NOT associated with the digestive system?
A) alimentary
B) tracheal
C) gut
D) gastrointestinal
11.
Digested food is absorbed by the stomach.
A) True
B) False
12.
Incontinence is the inability to control grinding your teeth.
A) True
B) False
13.
A BE is the same as a lower GI series.
A) True
B) False
14.
Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that treats gum disease.
A) True
B) False
15.
Cementum helps to anchor teeth in their sockets.
A) True
B) False
16.
Intususseption is spelled correctly.
A) True
B) False
17.
A stool culture is used to diagnose a bacterial infection.
A) True
B) False
18.
An UGI x-ray examines the sigmoid colon.
A) True
B) False
19.
Peristalsis is the wave-like muscular contractions that propel food through the digestive system.
A) True
B) False
20.
In volvulus the intestine twists on itself cutting off blood flow.
A) True
B) False
21.
Match the following.
A. denture
B. TMJ
C. aspartate transaminase
D. diverticulum
E. rugae
F. herpes labialis
G. cholelithiasis
H. hiatal hernia
I. O&P
J. gingiva

set of artificial teeth
the jaw joint
a liver enzyme
outpouching off the colon
folds in the stomach
cold sore
gall stones
diaphragmatocele
lab test for parasitic infection
gums
22.
The suffix that means "digestion" is

23.
A medical term that means "pertaining to the anus" is

24.
The combining form that means "abdomen" is

25.
The combining form that means "small intestine" is

26.
The combining form that means "cheek" is

27.
A medical term that means " vomiting blood" is

28.
The combining form that means "stomach" is

29.
The combining form that means "pylorus" is

30.
The combining form that means "cecum" is

31.
The combining form that means "gallbladder" is

Assignment #9

1.
Which stage of urine production involves adding ammonia, uric acid, and other waste substances directly into the renal tubule?
A) reabsorption
B) excretion
C) filtration
D) secretion
2.
Which term means "pain in the urethra"?
A) urethralgia
B) ureterectasis
C) ureteralgia
D) urethritis
3.
Which structure is NOT part of the renal corpuscle?
A) Bowman's capsule
B) glomerulus
C) loop of Henle
D) all are part of the renal corpuscle
4.
Which term means "surgical crushing of a stone"?
A) lithotomy
B) lithotripsy
C) lithomalacia
D) lithomegaly
5.
A _________ is the narrowing of a passageway in the urinary system.
A) calculus
B) stricture
C) nephrolith
D) catheter
6.
Which therapeutic measure is used to treat renal failure?
A) catheterization
B) culture and sensitivity
C) peritoneal dialysis
D) extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
7.
Which term means "kidney tumor"?
A) nephrosis
B) nephropathy
C) nephromegaly
D) nephroma
8.
Which medical term is misspelled?
A) nephrolithiasis
B) cystapexy
C) nephroma
D) lithotomy
9.
Which x-ray visualizes the renal pelvis with dye?
A) EU
B) BUN
C) IVP
D) KUB
10.
Which stage of urine production involves the removal of substances from the blood stream?
A) excretion
B) reabsorption
C) secretion
D) filtration
TRUE/FALSE
11.
A cystocele is the bulging of the vagina into the urinary bladder, causing it to collapse.
A) True
B) False
12.
A flat-plate abdomen is another name for a kidney, ureters, bladder x-ray.
A) True
B) False
13.
The plural of calyx is calyces.
A) True
B) False
14.
Cystoscopy is a visual examination of the kidney.
A) True
B) False
15.
Urine is 95% water.
A) True
B) False
16.
Calculus is another name for a stone.
A) True
B) False
17.
The peritubular capillaries surround the renal tubules.
A) True
B) False
18.
Urinary incontinence is a decrease in the force of the urine stream.
A) True
B) False
19.
Diabetic neuropathy results from damage to the glomerulus capillaries due to chronic high blood sugars.
A) True
B) False
20.
A neurogenic bladder may be caused by a spinal cord injury.
A) True
B) False
Matching
21.
Match the following.
A. homeostasis
B. anuria
C. micturition
D. hesitancy
E. stricture
F. uremia
G. nephroptosis
H. catheter
I. nephroma
J. cystorrhagia

maintaining balance in the body
no urine formed
urination
decrease in force of urine stream
narrow passageway
wastes accumulate in the blood
floating kidney
a flexible tube
a tumor
a bleeding condition
FILL IN THE BLANK
22.
A medical term that means "surgical fixation of the kidney".

23.
A medical term that means "surgical crushing of a stone" is

24.
A medical term that means "drooping kidney" is

25.
The combining form that means "glomerulus" is

26.
A medical term that means "bladder inflamation".

27.
The suffix that means "condition of urine" is

28.
The combining form that means "sugar" or "glucose" is

29.
The suffix that means "drooping" is

30.
The combining form that means "bacteria" is

31.
A combining form that means "kidney" is
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