Answer to Question #44776 in Other Biology for Chiman surana

Question #44776
name a structure asociated with nervous system which is integrated with endocrine system and secretes hormones
Expert's answer
The hypothalamus is located in the diencephalon, where it forms the floor ofthe third ventricle. The hypothalamus is an integrating center that helps maintain homeostasis by regulating hunger, sleep, thirst, body temperature, and water balance. The hypothalamus controls the pituitary gland and thereby serves as a link between the nervous and endocrine systems.
Neurons in the hypothalamus called neurosecretory cells produce the hormones antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin. These hormones pass through axons into the posterior pituitary where they are stored in axon endings.
The hypothalamus controls the anterior pituitary by producing hypothalamic-releasing hormones and hypothalamic-inhibiting hormones. For example, there is a thyroid-releasing hormone (TRH) and a thyroid-inhibiting hormone (TIH). TRH stimulates the anterior pituitary to secrete thyroid-stimulating hormone, and TIH inhibits the pituitary from secreting thyroid-stimulating hormone.

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