DISCUSS PALLIATIVE CARE UNDER THE FOLLOWING SUBHEADINGS
.History of palliative care
• Key terms in palliative care
• Palliative care policy
• Approaches to Assessment in palliative care
• Psychosocial and spiritual care
• Bereavement care
• Ethical considerations
• Management of common symptoms in life limiting illnesses
1. DISCUSS PALLIATIVE CARE UNDER THE FOLLOWING SUBHEADINGS
· History of palliative care
The British doctor Dame Cicely Saunders created the modern hospice movement which later gave rise to palliative care.in 1948, a nurse fell in love with a polish patient dying of cancer. He left her £500 to start a home or hospital to relieve the physical and emotional suffering of the dying.in 1967, Saunders opened st Christopher’s hospice, Sydenham, in London for the last persons of patients.it quickly became an inspiring approach combining clinical care education and research. by 2012, WHO estimated to be over 40 million people needing palliative care.
· Key terms in palliative care
-Advance medical directives
· Palliative care policy
-palliative care specializes in providing medical care for people with serious illnesses. Focuses on providing relief to patients with pain stress and illnesses. The goal is the improvement of quality of life for both the family and patient
· Approaches to Assessment in palliative care
-employs the team approach in supporting patients and caregivers. They address the practical needs and provision of bereavement counseling. Through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of identification and assessment of treatments of pain and any other problems.
· Psychosocial and spiritual care
-the focus of the care system is the wellbeing of the whole person, biosocial, cultural, and spiritual. The patients are equipped with the teachings of the spiritual care, suffering and special spiritual interventions taught
· Bereavement care
-provides free grief counseling to individuals and families through referrals. The services are available to everyone regardless of status or income.
· Ethical considerations
-the places of care for patients, the effectiveness of care until the last day's confidentiality, the use of antibiotics and blood transfusions, nutrition, and directives are some of the ethical considerations.
· Management of common symptoms in life-limiting illnesses
-tends to approach several diseases in a holistic manner, not only addressing the physical aspect but also the psychological, social, and spiritual dimension of suffering.