Answer to Question #197331 in Biology for Accordance

Question #197331

How do western medical doctors discover their medicines. Pay particular attention to the 5858 PROCESS they follow in order to discover new medicines.

Expert's answer

Discovering of new medicines is based on the directed search for natural or artificial compounds that could target specific cellular and molecular structures. First, research scientists analyse databases for potential drugs. Then, they test them on cell cultures or isolates enzymes. Next, scientists use these drugs to treat laboratory animals for their efficiency and safety. Finally, scientists perform a multiple rounds of trial studies applying the drug to patients and compare the results with a placebo control group. Finally, the drugs gets its approval. Overall, the drug discovery process can be summarised using the following steps:

Step 1: Discovery and Development.

Step 2: Preclinical Research.

Step 3: Clinical Research.

Step 4: FDA Drug Review.

Step 5: FDA Post-Market Drug Safety Monitoring.

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