Answer to Question #157761 in Cell Biology for J MCCARIO

Question #157761

Create a google slide about appendix cancer. This is the rubric. Here is the link for doing google slide presentation: https://www.google.com/slides/about/-This is the site. Just COPY AND PASTE IT.

Slide 1: Includes name(J Mccario),cancer type and graphic that helps the reader understand the cancer.

Slide 2: Provides an accurate description of the cancer and detailed information about the organs/types of cells affected.

Slide 3: Provides data on frequency of condition and carriers in human populations including births and geography.

Slide 4: Describes all common symptoms complete and detailed. Describes lifestyle choices associated with this type of cancer.

Slide 5: What tests are done? provide information on the type of tests,scans,etc. That doctors perform including accuracy info for those tests.

Slide 6: Describe in detail current treatment for disorder and symptoms

Slide 7: Has in sightful additional data.



1
Expert's answer
2021-01-27T04:10:06-0500







SLIDE 2.

Description

They are tumors that can create and release hormones into the bloodstream, although this usually only happens with metastatic disease (carcinoid tumors that have spread beyond the appendix to other areas of the body).

Carcinoids are small yellow tumors usually found in the part of the appendix farthest away from where the appendix attaches to the colon or near the tip of the appendix.


SLIDE 3.

Areas affected

The tumors usually do not block the appendix and cause appendicitis.

They are most often found unexpectedly during other abdominal or pelvic surgeries, for example surgeries to remove the gall bladder, hysterectomy etc.

The tumors are small, slow growing and rarely metastasize (spread to other areas). The term “malignant” is applied to carcinoids that have metastasized to other areas of the body.


SLIDE 4.

Symptoms

Carcinoids usually cause no symptoms.

Symptoms of carcinoid syndrome may rarely occur with metastasis, especially metastasis to the liver


SLIDE 5.

Risk Factors

Appendiceal carcinoids are more common in women by a ratio of 2:1 or 3:1. Average age 4th or 5th decade of life.

No other known risk factor.


SLIDE 6.

Treatment

Tumors less then 1 cm in diameter are treated with appendectomy.

Tumors 1.5-2 cm may be treated with appendectomy only or with right hemicolectomy (removal of up to half of the right side of the colon).

Carcinoids greater than 2 cm are more likely to metastasize.

When carcinoid tumors spread (metastasize), they most commonly spread to the liver or lymph nodes.

Chemotherapy is not very successful in this disease, with 30% limited response to chemotherapy reported.

These metastatic tumors may be removed surgically.

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