Carbohydrates are divided into mono-, oligo- and polysaccharides based on their structure. This structure determines the way they are digested. Polysaccharides (starch, glycogen) are digested partially in a mouth by enzyme amylase to oligosaccharides (maltotriose, maltose, dextrin) or monosaccharides (glucose). Additional hydrolysis of polysaccharides is carried in a duodenum by enzyme amylase synthesized in a pancreas. All oligosaccharides (sugar, maltose, lactose, dextrin) are hydrolyzed to monosaccharides (fructose, glucose, galactose) by enzyme complex attached to the membranes of epithelial cells in a small intestine. This enzyme complex includes maltase, sucrose, lactase, isomaltase. At last, monosaccharides are absorbed into blood through the enterocytes in small intestine. It is carried with special protein molecules (transporters) by facilitated diffusion (passive transport) or secondary active transport (cotransport with sodium ions).
Numbers and figures are an essential part of our world, necessary for almost everything we do every day. As important…
APPROVED BY CLIENTS
Incredibly concise, yet detailed, answer to the question that had me stumped. After receiving the help I so desperately needed, I was like, " oh my goodness, I'm an idiot!" But I mean that as a compliment to my assigned answer specialist. I really really appreciated the prompt service and excellent breakdown of the solution. You really can't put a price on that, but you guys did, and it was so very worth every penny.