Each time students are assigned an essay, they have the same question, “How to start it?” No matter whether it is an argumentative or comparative essay, the general process is the same and takes not much time; they start picking up ideas from the books or the internet, then organize them and compose the paragraphs. It’s also not difficult to summarize the whole stuff after all. But when it comes to the beginning, you’d better stay away when a student deals with it. Now, let’s see, what can be done about that and whether it is really that complicated.
If you haven’t heard yet, we’ll surprise you: not only the essay has its structure, but the introduction also does. Thus, it should orient the reader towards what you’re writing about in an organized way. So, here you are 3 easy steps how to arrange it.
1. Thesis statement to conquer the reader
The first you have to face is the thesis statement, which either starts or puts an end to your introduction. It sets the tone and previews the main ideas of your paper and, at the same time, it should be attention grasping so as not to lose the reader’s interest. A strong thesis mustn’t be broad, but narrow enough to be further supported within your essay. The thing you must remember is that the ideas should be clear enough, so avoid vague constructions and make it as specific as possible.
Don’t forget to use subordinative conjunctions and linking words (such as although, however, nevertheless, etc.) to mark the relationship between the parts of sentences. Reread your thesis several times and check whether it is possible to add stylistic means such as metaphor, simile, anecdote, etc. And finally, write your thesis after you have written the whole essay (to be able to tell exactly what you’re trying to say without forgetting some important issue), but before writing the introduction itself (so that you could put it in the right place).
2. Elaborate the details
The background information of the point is also good to be added to your introduction. You may include mentions of the previous researches of the problem, information about how and when it all started. As the introduction determines your attitude to the topic, try to express the ideas in your own words without giving quotes. Ensure you use an example of the problem, but not the exception of the case – be close to the topic. If you still doubt, how to order your thoughts, check out an alternative view:
Apart from these tips, you are welcome to use the classic TEEL structure:
T – topical sentence
E – example of the problem under research
E – explanation of it
L – link to the next paragraph and the topic.
3. Establish links with the paper
Everything you put in the introduction should coincide with what you dwell on and analyze within your whole essay, so no steps left or right from the problem. You may provide the anticipation of the conclusion: don’t state them, but give some hints. You may use rhetorical question here, but don’t overload the essay with the questions in general, it won’t make your arguments sound serious. Eventually, proofread your work several times and good luck with writing!