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Other Biology – Q&A

347Questions:

276Free Answers by our Experts:

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is the jelly fish include in phylum anthozoa?
In Progress...
Which energy forming process that is present in almost all living organisms evolved very very early in the evolution of living organisms?

Krebs Cylce
Chemiosmosis
Glycolysis
Cyclic Phosphorylation
Answered!
how will i know when i get my assignment?
Answered!
what are the chemical journeys of a carbon atom from carbon dioxide in the air and a hydrogen atom from a water molecule that have entered a plant cell
Answered!
1.
Which of the following conditions is a fungal infection?
A) Mycoplasma pneumonia
B) adult respiratory distress syndrome
C) diphtheria
D) histoplasmosis
2.
Which of the following pairs of terms is mismatched?
A) pharynx - throat
B) bronchioles - air sacs
C) trachea - windpipe
D) larynx - voicebox
3.
Mucus coughed up from the respiratory tract is called:
A) sputum
B) hemoptysis
C) stridor
D) phlegm
4.
Which of the following medications improves the ability to cough up mucus?
A) expectorant
B) bronchodilator
C) antitussive
D) antihistamine
5.
Which diagnostic procedure monitors a patient while sleeping to identify sleep apnea?
A) bronchoscopy
B) ventilation-perfusion scan
C) polysomnography
D) pulmonary function test
6.
The respiratory membrane consists of:
A) walls of alveoli and mucous membrane
B) walls of bronchioles and alveoli
C) walls of alveoli and capillaries
D) pulmonary capillary bed
7.
The upper section of the pharynx is called:
A) laryngopharynx
B) hypopharynx
C) oropharynx
D) nasopharynx
8.
Which of the following is NOT an organ of the respiratory system?
A) esophagus
B) lungs
C) nasal cavity
D) trachea
9.
Which of the following terms means a high-pitched breathing sound?
A) epistaxis
B) rhonchi
C) rales
D) stridor
10.
Which of the following statements regarding respiration is NOT true?
A) Carbon dioxide is the byproduct of metabolism.
B) Oxygen is needed for the body cells' metabolism.
C) Oxygen moves from the alveoli into the bloodstream.
D) Carbon dioxide moves from the blood stream into the cells.
11.
The epiglottis closes to prevent food from entering the lungs.
A) True
B) False
12.
Empyema is also called pyothorax.
A) True
B) False
13.
Many of the structures of the respiratory system are covered by mucous membrane.
A) True
B) False
14.
A pulmonary embolism may be caused by an air bubble in the pulmonary artery.
A) True
B) False
15.
An ENT is an ear, nose, and throat doctor.
A) True
B) False
16.
A mucolytic medication liquefies mucus.
A) True
B) False
17.
The larynx is commonly called the throat.
A) True
B) False
18.
Pleural effusion is the grating sound made when the two layers of the pleura rub together.
A) True
B) False
19.
Diphtheria is also called whooping cough.
A) True
B) False
20.
Ventilation is the air flow between the outside environment and the lungs.
A) True
B) False
21.
Match the following.
A. external respiration
B. tine test
C. anthracosis
D. rhonchi
E. empyema
F. diaphragm
G. bronchoscopy
H. pulmonary edema
I. VC
J. bronchography

exchange of gases between alveoli and blood
a TB test
black lung
musical breath sound during exhalation
also called pyothorax
muscle for inhalation
visual exam of the bronchi
excessive fluid is retained in the lung tissues
one of the lung capacities
lung x-ray after inhaling radiopaque dye.
22.
The suffix that means "voice" is

23.
A medical term that means "not breathing" is

24.
The suffix that means "smell" is

25.
The combining form that means "pleura" is

26.
The combining form that means "incomplete" is

27.
The suffix that means "breathing" is

28.
The combining form that means "pharynx" is

29.
A medical term that means "instrument to view inside the bronchus" is

30.
A medical term that means "insufficient oxygen" is

31.
The combining form that means "lung" or "air" is

Assignment #8

1.
The common bile duct empties into the:
A) duodenum
B) liver
C) gallbladder
D) stomach
2.
Which of the following procedures provides the patient with intravenous nutrition?
A) nasogastric intubation
B) total parenteral nutrition
C) gavage
D) lavage
3.
Feces is stored in the ____________ prior to defecation.
A) sigmoid colon
B) cecum
C) anus
D) rectum
4.
Which of the following surgical procedures would remove an abnormal passageway?
A) hemorrhoidectomy
B) colectomy
C) diverticulectomy
D) fistulectomy
5.
The _________ section of the stomach tapers off into the pyloric sphincter.
A) body
B) fundus
C) antrum
D) rugae
6.
An outpouching off the gut is called a(n):
A) fistula
B) ileus
C) diverticulum
D) hemorrhoid
7.
Which is NOT a function of the digestive system?
A) digest food
B) distribute nutrients
C) eliminate solid waste
D) absorb nutrients
8.
The epiglottis shunts food into the:
A) esophagus
B) pharynx
C) trachea
D) larynx
9.
Which abbreviation stands for an x-ray?
A) NG
B) PO
C) UGI
D) NPO
10.
Which of the following terms is NOT associated with the digestive system?
A) alimentary
B) tracheal
C) gut
D) gastrointestinal
11.
Digested food is absorbed by the stomach.
A) True
B) False
12.
Incontinence is the inability to control grinding your teeth.
A) True
B) False
13.
A BE is the same as a lower GI series.
A) True
B) False
14.
Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that treats gum disease.
A) True
B) False
15.
Cementum helps to anchor teeth in their sockets.
A) True
B) False
16.
Intususseption is spelled correctly.
A) True
B) False
17.
A stool culture is used to diagnose a bacterial infection.
A) True
B) False
18.
An UGI x-ray examines the sigmoid colon.
A) True
B) False
19.
Peristalsis is the wave-like muscular contractions that propel food through the digestive system.
A) True
B) False
20.
In volvulus the intestine twists on itself cutting off blood flow.
A) True
B) False
21.
Match the following.
A. denture
B. TMJ
C. aspartate transaminase
D. diverticulum
E. rugae
F. herpes labialis
G. cholelithiasis
H. hiatal hernia
I. O&P
J. gingiva

set of artificial teeth
the jaw joint
a liver enzyme
outpouching off the colon
folds in the stomach
cold sore
gall stones
diaphragmatocele
lab test for parasitic infection
gums
22.
The suffix that means "digestion" is

23.
A medical term that means "pertaining to the anus" is

24.
The combining form that means "abdomen" is

25.
The combining form that means "small intestine" is

26.
The combining form that means "cheek" is

27.
A medical term that means " vomiting blood" is

28.
The combining form that means "stomach" is

29.
The combining form that means "pylorus" is

30.
The combining form that means "cecum" is

31.
The combining form that means "gallbladder" is

Assignment #9

1.
Which stage of urine production involves adding ammonia, uric acid, and other waste substances directly into the renal tubule?
A) reabsorption
B) excretion
C) filtration
D) secretion
2.
Which term means "pain in the urethra"?
A) urethralgia
B) ureterectasis
C) ureteralgia
D) urethritis
3.
Which structure is NOT part of the renal corpuscle?
A) Bowman's capsule
B) glomerulus
C) loop of Henle
D) all are part of the renal corpuscle
4.
Which term means "surgical crushing of a stone"?
A) lithotomy
B) lithotripsy
C) lithomalacia
D) lithomegaly
5.
A _________ is the narrowing of a passageway in the urinary system.
A) calculus
B) stricture
C) nephrolith
D) catheter
6.
Which therapeutic measure is used to treat renal failure?
A) catheterization
B) culture and sensitivity
C) peritoneal dialysis
D) extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
7.
Which term means "kidney tumor"?
A) nephrosis
B) nephropathy
C) nephromegaly
D) nephroma
8.
Which medical term is misspelled?
A) nephrolithiasis
B) cystapexy
C) nephroma
D) lithotomy
9.
Which x-ray visualizes the renal pelvis with dye?
A) EU
B) BUN
C) IVP
D) KUB
10.
Which stage of urine production involves the removal of substances from the blood stream?
A) excretion
B) reabsorption
C) secretion
D) filtration
TRUE/FALSE
11.
A cystocele is the bulging of the vagina into the urinary bladder, causing it to collapse.
A) True
B) False
12.
A flat-plate abdomen is another name for a kidney, ureters, bladder x-ray.
A) True
B) False
13.
The plural of calyx is calyces.
A) True
B) False
14.
Cystoscopy is a visual examination of the kidney.
A) True
B) False
15.
Urine is 95% water.
A) True
B) False
16.
Calculus is another name for a stone.
A) True
B) False
17.
The peritubular capillaries surround the renal tubules.
A) True
B) False
18.
Urinary incontinence is a decrease in the force of the urine stream.
A) True
B) False
19.
Diabetic neuropathy results from damage to the glomerulus capillaries due to chronic high blood sugars.
A) True
B) False
20.
A neurogenic bladder may be caused by a spinal cord injury.
A) True
B) False
Matching
21.
Match the following.
A. homeostasis
B. anuria
C. micturition
D. hesitancy
E. stricture
F. uremia
G. nephroptosis
H. catheter
I. nephroma
J. cystorrhagia

maintaining balance in the body
no urine formed
urination
decrease in force of urine stream
narrow passageway
wastes accumulate in the blood
floating kidney
a flexible tube
a tumor
a bleeding condition
FILL IN THE BLANK
22.
A medical term that means "surgical fixation of the kidney".

23.
A medical term that means "surgical crushing of a stone" is

24.
A medical term that means "drooping kidney" is

25.
The combining form that means "glomerulus" is

26.
A medical term that means "bladder inflamation".

27.
The suffix that means "condition of urine" is

28.
The combining form that means "sugar" or "glucose" is

29.
The suffix that means "drooping" is

30.
The combining form that means "bacteria" is

31.
A combining form that means "kidney" is
Answered!
1.
The combining form that means "movement" -

2.
The combining form that means "muscle" is -

3.
The combining form that means "joint" is

4.
The combining form that means "stiff joint" is

5.
The combining form that means "bone marrow" is

6.
The combining form that means "child" or "foot" is

7.
A suffix that means "movement: is

8.
A suffix that means "weakness" is

9.
A prefix that means "towards" is

10.
A medical term that means "muscle weakness" is

11.
A medical term that means "slow movement" is

12.
A medical term that means "lack of tone" is

13.
A medical term that means "fusion of a joint" is

14.
A medical term that means "process of viewing inside a joint" is

15.
A medical term that means "bone and cartilage tumor" is

16.
Cardiac muscle is an example of voluntary muscle.
A) True
B) False
17.
Any artificial body part is called a prosthesis.
A) True
B) False
18.
Another name for bone is osseous tissue.
A) True
B) False
19.
Lordosis is commonly called humpback.
A) True
B) False
20.
Talipes is commonly called clubfoot.
A) True
B) False
21.
Systemic lupus erythematosus causes joint pain and arthritis.
A) True
B) False
22.
A sudden, involuntary, strong muscle contraction is called an adhesion.
A) True
B) False
23.
There are 12 lumbar vertebrae.
A) True
B) False
24.
Plantar flexion is pointing the toes.
A) True
B) False
25.
Simple fracture is the same thing as a closed fracture.
A) True
B) False
26.
The fibrous connective tissue that wraps muscle is
A) tendons
B) fascia
C) adipose
D) ligaments
27.
Which motion occurs at the thumb?
A) opposition
B) circumduction
C) rotation
D) eversion
28.
Which of the following bones is NOT part of the appendicular skeleton?
A) humerus
B) sternum
C) femur
D) clavicle
29.
An abnormal lateral curvature of the spine is called
A) lordosis
B) kyphosis
C) scoliosis
D) exostosis
30.
Which surgical procedure relieves pressure on a compressed spinal nerve?
A) bunionectomy
B) osteotomy
C) laminectomy
D) arthroplasty
31.
The tibia is commonly referred to as the
A) hip bone
B) shin bone
C) ankle bones
D) knee cap
32.
The noise produced by bones or cartilage rubbing together is called
A) callus
B) crepitation
C) orthotic
D) fracture
33.
Which type of fracture occurs because the bone is diseased or weakened?
A) spiral fracture
B) pathological fracture
C) oblique fracture
D) stress fracture
34.
Which of the following diagnostic procedures is used to detect osteoporosis?
A) bone scan
B) myelography
C) dual-energy absorptiometry
D) arthrography
35.
Muscle wasting is the common term for
A) spasm
B) atrophy
C) dystonia
D) adhesion
36.
Which of the following terms is misspelled?
A) femoral
B) mandibuler
C) humeral
D) clavicular
37.
Which of the following terms is misspelled?
A) thoracic
B) coccygeal
C) metacarpel
D) maxillary
38.
Which term means an increase in muscle bulk?
A) hypertrophy
B) myomegaly
C) hyperkinesia
D) atrophy
39.
Applying a pulling force on a fracture in order to restore normal alignment is called
A) arthroplasty
B) fusion
C) fixation
D) traction
40.
Which diagnostic image uses a radioactive dye to produce an image?
A) absorptiometry
B) myelography
C) arthroscopy
D) bone scan

Assignment #5

1.
The combining form that means "vein" is

2.
The combining form that means "artery" is

3.
The combining form that means "pulse" is

4.
A suffix that means " "instrument to measure pressure" is

5.
A medical term that means "involuntary contraction of a vessel" is

6.
A medical term that means "pertaining to an atrium" is

7.
A medical term that means "state of fast heart" is

8.
A medical term that means "pertaining to atrium and ventricle" is

9.
A medical term that means "pertaining to a vein" is

10.
A medical term that means "study of the heart" is

11.
The abbreviation PDA stands for a congenital anomoly in which there is a connection between the aorta and pulmonary artery.
A) True
B) False
12.
A thrombolytic medication dissolves clots.
A) True
B) False
13.
CPR is a combination of chest compressions and artificial respiration.
A) True
B) False
14.
Hemorrhoids occur in the anal veins.
A) True
B) False
15.
A thrombus is a blood clot forming within a blood vessel.
A) True
B) False
16.
A sphygmomanometer is used for auscultation.
A) True
B) False
17.
An infarct is an abnormal heart sound.
A) True
B) False
18.
A bruit is a term used interchangeably with the word murmur.
A) True
B) False
19.
Diastole is the contraction phase of the heart.
A) True
B) False
20.
The endocardium is the outer layer of the heart.
A) True
B) False
21.
Which of the following organs is NOT part of the circulatory system?
A) vein
B) artery
C) spleen
D) capillary
22.
The mitral valve is also called the _________ valve.
A) pulmonary
B) tricuspid
C) bicuspid
D) aortic
23.
Which of the following is also called the pacemaker of the heart?
A) atrioventricular node
B) atrioventricular bundle
C) sinoatrial node
D) Purkinje fibers
24.
The diffusion of oxygen and nutrients from the blood into the body tissues occurs in the
A) capillary bed
B) lungs
C) aorta
D) heart
25.
Which of the following statements regarding blood pressure is NOT true?
A) It is the measurement of the force exerted by the blood against the wall of a blood vessel.
B) The diastolic pressure is the lowest point.
C) Blood pressure is highest when the heart is relaxed.
D) Blood pressure is affected by the diameter of the blood vessels.
26.
Which term means a yellow fatty deposit of lipids in an artery?
A) bruit
B) stent
C) plaque
D) perfusion
27.
Which term is misspelled?
A) bradycardia
B) angioplasty
C) valvolitis
D) arteriorrhexis
28.
Which term is misspelled?
A) infraction
B) hemorrhoid
C) coarctation
D) fibrillation
29.
What is the name of the steel tube placed within a blood vessel?
A) plaque
B) stent
C) cardioverter
D) bruit
30.
Which condition is the severe chest pain associated with myocardial infarction?
A) coronary artery disease
B) myocardial infarction
C) congestive heart failure
D) angina pectoris
31.

Match the following terms.
A. cardiotonic
B. defibrillation
C. embolus
D. hypertension
E. cardiac arrest
F. ischemia
G. catheter
H. pulmonary artery
I. bicuspid valve
J. aorta

increases force of heart contraction
restores normal heartbeat
a floating blood clot
high blood pressure
stopping of heart activity
loss of blood supply
thin flexible tube placed in the body
carries blood away from the right ventricle
also called mitral
carries blood away from the left ventricle

Assignment #6

1.
Which of the following pairs is mismatched?
A) cross infection - infection acquired directly from another person
B) nosocomial infection - acquired outside the hospital
C) self-inoculation - infection spreads from one part of a person's body to another area
D) reinfection - repeat infection by the same pathogen
2.
Which of the following is NOT a plasma protein?
A) fibrinogen
B) globulin
C) albumin
D) sodium
3.
Red blood cells appear red because:
A) they contain hemoglobin
B) they transport oxygen
C) they contain bilirubin
D) of the size of their nucleus
4.
Which of the following is NOT part of the immune response?
A) stimulation of natural killer cells to destroy pathogens
B) production of antibodies by A lymphocytes
C) phagocytosis of infectious agents
D) exposure to a pathogen
5.
Which of the following blood tests measures how long it takes for a clot to form?
A) erythrocyte sedimentation rate
B) culture and sensitivity
C) hematocrit
D) pro-time
6.
Which of the following statements regarding hemostasis is NOT true?
A) Fibrin then converts platelets into a clot
B) platelets release thromboplastin
C) thrombin works to convert fibrinogen to fibrin
D) thromboplastin reacts with prothrombin to form thrombin
7.
Which of the following blood tests measures the volume of red blood cells within the total volume of blood?
A) erythrocyte sedimentation rate
B) culture and sensitivity
C) hematocrit
D) pro-time
8.
Which of the following therapeutic procedures gives a patient an injection of antibodies in order to cure disease?
A) immunization
B) Monospot
C) immunotherapy
D) vaccination
9.
Which of the following statements regarding the tonsils is NOT true?
A) The palatine tonsils are located in the nasal cavity.
B) Sometimes the tonsils have to be removed if they become chronically infected.
C) The tonsils are composed of lymphatic tissue.
D) The tonsils remove pathogens for the digestive and respiratory systems.
10.
Which of the following medications does NOT prolong bleeding time?
A) hematininc
B) anticoagulant
C) antiplatelet
D) thrombolytic agent
11.
Hives includes the appearance of skin ulcers as part of an allergic reaction.
A) True
B) False
12.
Platelets are the watery part of blood.
A) True
B) False
13.
The immune system will destroy the body's own cells if they have become diseased.
A) True
B) False
14.
"Pneumocystis carinii" pneumonia is commonly seen in patients with AIDS.
A) True
B) False
15.
Antiplatelet medications are commonly called blood thinners.
A) True
B) False
16.
Blood typing is a test to determine how many of each type of leukocyte a person has.
A) True
B) False
17.
An allergy is a hypersensitivity to a common substance in the environment.
A) True
B) False
18.
Cytotoxic cells stimulate the production of antibodies.
A) True
B) False
19.
Inflamed tissue feels hot to the touch.
A) True
B) False
20.
An erythrocyte sedimentation rate is a blood test that determines if there is an inflammatory process occurring in the body.
A) True
B) False
21.
Match the following terms:
A. reverse transcriptase drug
B. immunocompromised
C. urticaria
D. polycythemia vera
E. lymph node
F. spleen
G. active acquired immunity
H. culture and sensitivity
I. leukemia
J. hematocrit

prevents virus from successfully multiplying
unable to respond properly to pathogens
intense itching
condition of too many red blood cells
removes pathogens and cell debris from lymph
removes damaged erythrocytes
results from actual exposure to a pathogen
determines bacterial infection
cancer of bone marrow
measures volume of erythrocytes in whole blood
22.
The combining form that means "color" is

23.
A suffix that means "standing still" is

24.
A medical term that means "clotting cell" is

25.
The combining form that means "poison" is

26.
A medical term that means "lymph gland disease" is

27.
The combining form that means "shape" is

28.
A suffix that means "protein" is

29.
The combining form that means "eat" or "swallow" is

30.
A suffix that means "formation" is

31.
The combining form that means "fibers" or "fibrous" is
Answered!
Baby Joseph is being breast fed by his mother even though her friends tell her that it would be easier to bottle feed the baby formula. the mother insists that she is providing more than just nutrition by using her milk but is also protecting the child from disease. a. what is she giving the baby besides that would protect him form disease? b. what type of immunity is this? c. is this immunity permanent? Why or Why not?
Answered!
I have a plant that has mostly 4-petaled flowers, but one bud opened up and has 5 petals. I was told this is impossible. Do I just have a mutation on my hands, or did someone prank me? I can send pictures.
Answered!
Which biome covers most of the earth's surface? Discuss the enormous impact that this biome has on the biosphere as a whole
Answered!
Farmers selectively breed crop plant. Describe the process of selective breeding?
Answered!
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